by Darwin Brown, David Shubert
When your career takes a turn towards a management track, you may begin to wonder what, exactly, makes a “good” manager.
The answer to this question is complex. It’s not just one thing or one factor that will make you an effective manager. Rather, it is a combination of traits and behaviors. Some people are born with the innate talent of leadership, but anyone can learn how to succeed in a management career.
The following article, by guest author, David Shubert, begins to answer the question for you…
What Makes a “Good” Manager?
First of all, what is management? The dictionary defines management as “the act or art of managing: the conducting or supervising of something (as a business).”Sounds about right. But then, Atilla the Hun was a manager of sorts. Clearly, there is a big difference between being a manager and being a “good” manager who has earned the respect of the people.
It is interesting that the formal definition of management includes the word “art”, because in some respects, it is an art as much as a science. Just about anyone can learn the basic mechanics of becoming a manager. However, there is a certain amount of mystery in defining that extra dimension of skills and traits that elevates certain people to a status of “good” manager. What is it?
Part of it is charisma. Charisma is a sort of magical quality of magnetic charm or appeal that makes people want to follow the person who has it. Strong interpersonal skills are certainly critical to the creation of charisma, but are by no means the only ingredient. The perception of charisma must be earned through accomplishment.
Comment from Coach Don: Charisma is one of those things you either have or don’t have, usually as a natural component of your personality. But even if you’re not born with a healthy serving of charisma, you CAN practice your interpersonal skills, so that they develop to the point where you can still influence others in your career.
A strong leader gains the respect of his/her people by actions. Principal among those actions is the involvement of the organization in decision making. How many times have you heard someone say, “If I was running the show, I sure wouldn’t do it that way!”?
It is important that the manager has the mechanisms in place that allow ideas to bubble up from all corners of the organization. No matter how smart we think we are as managers, we certainly don’t know everything. Many of the very best ideas come from the people on the front line of the day to day business.
We have to have a way for people to express those ideas and get rewarded for their contributions if the idea pans out. Delegating many of the day to day tactical decisions in no way undermines the manager’s authority or responsibility for the bigger picture. Remember this: If people have enthusiastic ownership of an idea, their idea, they WILL make it work, even if it is a BAD idea. If not, they can torpedo even a GOOD idea.
Recognizing people for their contributions is one of the surest ways to secure employee loyalty and to earn the perception that the manager is smart enough to understand that he/she doesn’t know everything. Recognition and rewards are not necessarily monetary. In some cases, simple public recognition is all that is required. Recognition nurtures the ego and differientiates people from their peers. Recognition just makes a person feel good and stimulates the desire to have it happen again.
If a manager utilizes the people to help develop the organization’s mission statement, then the people will follow. Having a solid and workable mission statement is critical to organizational success. It can serve as the basis for decision making. If you bounce an idea off the mission statement and it sticks, you might do it. Otherwise, forget it.
For example, if you are in the business of developing the world’s best diagnostic software, you are not going to open a resturant to raise extra cash. That would be way outside the mission statement. See the point? All tactical decisions should fit within the mission statement.
Next, a “good” manager is a strategic thinker. The manager should have at least a five to ten year view of the future. Where does the organization want to be in five years and tactically, what needs to be done today, tomorrow, next week or next month to get there? Nothing can undermine a manager faster than having the organization perceive that the manager has no idea of direction.
Sidebar from Coach Don: Strategic thinking is a skill that can and should be developed at any level in every career, not just by managers. In fact, it is often the case that when a staff level employee demonstrates the ability to think strategically and see the “big picture”, they are earmarked for promotion and moved on to a management career path.
Then, there is integrity. A manager has to be seen by his superiors and his employees as being honest and forthright and doesn’t play silly political games. No one likes a sleazy character that cannot be trusted, especially if that person is in charge of the careers of people. Would you?
The “good” manager fights for his/her people and they know it. Everyone knows that outstanding performers are amply rewarded and substandard performers are penalized or eliminated. People know that the decisions made by the manager well thought out and are in the best interest of the organization.
An employee may not like the fact that the manager had to cut their pet project out of the budget. But if the employee is in tune with the organization, he/she will understand why it had to be done.
A “good” manager is highly selective when building the “culture” the organization. People hired should “fit” the collective personality of the organization. Loners and hotheads should not be merged into an organization of people who genuinely like each other and work well together. Think about the best sports teams. The very best ones are those where the members are more like family than team mates.
Finally, the “good” manager will spend the extra time to collect the information necessary to show how valuable the organization is to the company. This can take any number of forms such as cost savings, cost avoidance, improved process, improved productivity, and so on. Then the manager makes sure everyone knows about it, from top to bottom. It is vital that the people feel they are important and are making a contribution to the overall success of the company.
There is no magic formula for becoming a “good” manager and the points mentioned above are certainly not an exhaustive list. Some of it is instinct, but it mostly stems from the gut-level understanding that the most important thing in an organization is its people. Treat people with respect and dignity and you will get that back in spades.
About the Author: Darwin Brown’s 32 year career in Information Technology includes various management positions at Booz-Allen Applied Research, General Motors and Compuware, a Fortune 500 software company. Currently, Mr. Brown is authoring a science fiction novel about world energy and is a contributing career writer for JamminJobs. Visit us at: http://www.jamminjobs.com
I hope you enjoyed this article on how to succeed in your career in management. If your dream job of the future is being a manager, then take heed of this advice and start cultivating these skills immediately. Your efforts WILL be rewarded with the career of your dreams, I promise you!